The following report reviews published arbitrations in which unions argued that employees were improperly punished due to family responsibilities. We reviewed 67 arbitrations with key words related to work/family conflict and found 31 cases in which unionized employees were fired or otherwise disciplined for making choices one would expect of a responsible parent or family member. Our research shows that a considerable amount of confusion and uncertainty exists around the issue of work and family amongst employers, employees, and the legal profession, and this confusion is revealed in the wide range of arbitration decisions. S